Un-told story. Bologna Shoah Memorial by SET Architects

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PROJECT Bologna Shoah Memorial
ARCHITECT SET Architects
LOCATION Bologna, Italy
YEAR 2016
PHOTO Simone Bossi

One year after the launch of the international competition for the realization of the Bologna Shoah Memorial, Rome-based office SET Architects, winner according to the jury presided over by Peter Eisenman, delivered the Memorial on January 27th, 2016 – to coincide with International Holocaust Remembrance Day. Built in less than two months, the Memorial is a recognizable landmark of great emotional power. It is located at the intersection of Via dé Carracci and Ponte Matteotti, a city square encompassed by the newly installed Bologna high-speed train station. This area is primed to become the city’s new focus for connection. As such, the monument attracts passers-by, inviting them to reflect on the tragedy of the Holocaust.
The Memorial is made up of two symmetrical cor-ten steel parallelepiped blocks of 10×10 m each; the blocks sit adjacent to one another, perpendicular to the existing walls of the square. Their position converges to create a path, which begins with a width of 1.60 m, drastically narrowing to just 80 cm. The path generates an immediate feeling of oppression.
un-told-story-bologna-shoah-memorial-by-set-architects_Platform2Whitin the interior of the Memorial, the volumes present a grid of horizontal and vertical metal sheets which intersect at 90°, giving shape to a series of rectangular empty boxes of 1.80 x 1.25m – these boxes represent the cells of the dormitories in the concentration camps. The exterior façade of the Memorial overlooks the city, resembling a blank page – perhaps it is of a history yet to be written? And, along the perimeter of the cells, slight steel protrusions symbolize feelings of contemporary awareness.
The choice of corten steel is deliberate: it is a material that will naturally rust when exposed to open air. As the years pass its corrosion will display the vestiges of time, demonstrating that all things have a rich history behind them. The paving of the path between the two blocks is realized in ballast, basalt stone chippings typical of the roadbeds. This represents the Judenrampe (“ramp of the Jews”), which was the name given to the trek prisoners made from Auschwitz I (Stammlager concentration camp) and Auschwitz II (Birkenau one).
The empty echoes of footsteps across the stones coupled with the restriction of the passage instills a keen sense of anguish: in this way the Memorial takes on life and evokes the drama of the memory.
Further, light plays an essential role in the culmination of the monument. During daytime when the square is lit by sun’s rays, the passage becomes immersed in a dim, contemplative light, allowing the visitor to calmly reflect. Then at night, strategically placed artificial light illuminates the primary volumes, magnifing the majesty of the Memorial.
In total, the Memorial, distinguished by its historical ambition, abandons rhetorical and didactic conventions in order to emphasize the importance of emotions: in this way SET Architects succeeded in designing a monument that utilizes present sensibility to narrate the past.

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BIOGRAPHY
SET IS A TEAM OF YOUNG ARCHITECTS BASED IN ROME, SPECIALIZED IN DESIGNING AT DIFFERENT SCALES, FROM INTERIORS TO URBAN PLANNING. THE OFFICE’S OBJECTIVE IS TO REALIZE AN ARCHITECTURAL PRACTICE THAT IS IN DIRECT DIALOGUE WITH THE PEOPLE. THIS IS ACHIEVED THROUGH CAREFUL ATTENTION TO CONTEXT AND LOCAL CULTURE, THROUGH EXPERIMENTAL AND COHERENT USE OF MATERIALS, THROUGH A CRITICAL APPROACH TO SUSTAINABILITY, AND FINALLY, BY REGARDING THE ARCHITECTURAL OBJECT AS CULTURAL FACTOR. MEMBERS OF SET ARCHITECTS INCLUDE LORENZO CATENA, ONORATO DI MANNO, AND ANDREA TANCI.